Communication Skills Class 10 Notes PDF

Communication Skills Class 10 Notes PDF

In this chapter of class 10 Employability Skills, we will discuss the various methods of communication. This article includes all the topics covered in CBSE syllabus 2020-21. You have to study a total of 4 chapters in this unit. Here I have tried to provide you complete notes for your Class 10th board exam 2020. You can download the PDF format of all the notes in a single click. Please share with your friends.


Communication Skills Class 10

Communication Skills means how do we communicate with each other. The way of presenting our information is very important. Communication Skills include those areas which deal with our talking, writing, expressing our views. By reading this chapter you will understand how to communicate with others decently. This includes the overall development of your personality.


Session 1: Methods of Communication

The word ‘communication’ comes from the Latin word commūnicāre, meaning ‘to share’. Clear and concise communication is of immense importance in work and business environment as there are several parties involved.

Communication has three important parts:

1. Transmitting The sender transmits the message through one medium or another.

2. Listening The receiver listens or understands the message.

3. Feedback The receiver conveys their understanding of the message to the sender in the form of feedback to complete the communication cycle.
 

 
Communication Process and Elements

The various elements of the communication cycle are:

Sender: the person beginning the communication.

Message: the information that the sender wants to convey.

Channel: the means by which the information is sent.

Receiver: the person to whom the message is sent.

Feedback: the receiver’s acknowledgment and response to the message.
 


Methods of Communication

·       Face-to-face informal
·       communication
·       e-mail
·       Notices/Posters
·       Business Meetings
·       social networks, message, phone call for communication, newsletter, blog, etc
 

Choosing the right method of communication depends on

• Target audience
• Costs
• Kind/type of information
• Urgency/priority
 



Session 2: Verbal Communication

Verbal communication includes sounds, words, language, and speech. Speaking is one of the most effective and commonly used ways of communicating. It helps in expressing our emotions in words.
 

Type of Verbal Communication

Interpersonal Communication: This form of communication takes place between two individuals and is thus a one-on-one conversation. It can be formal or informal.
 
Written Communication: This form of communication involves writing words. It can be letters, circulars, reports, manuals, SMS, social media chats, etc. It can be between two or more people.
 
Small Group Communication:
This type of communication takes place when there are more than two people involved. Each participant can interact and converse with the rest.
 
Public Communication: This type of communication takes place when one individual addresses a large gathering.
 
 

Advantages of Verbal Communication

It is an easy mode of communication in which you can exchange ideas by saying what you want and get a quick response.

 
Disadvantages of Verbal Communication

Since verbal communication depends on written or spoken words, sometimes the meanings can be confusing and difficult to understand if the right words are not used.

 

Mastering Verbal Communication

Think Before You Speak
  • • Think about your topic.
  • • Think about the most effective ways to make your listeners
 
Understand the topic.
  • Write or note down whatever you plan to say.
  • Concise and Clear
  • Speak clearly, loudly and at moderate speed.
  • Be sure the information you want to share is to the point.
  • Do not repeat the same sentences.
  • Confidence and Body Language
  • Be confident.
  • Maintain eye contact, stand straight and be attentive.
  • Be friendly.
 


Session 3: Non-verbal Communication

Non-verbal communication is the expression or exchange of information or messages without using any spoken or written word.
 

Importance of Non-verbal Communication

In our day-to-day communication
• 55% communication is done using body movements, face, arms, etc.
• 38% communication is done using voice, tone, pauses, etc.
• only 7% communication is done using words.
 

Types of Non-verbal Communication

   Facial Expressions
   Posture
   Gestures or Body Language
   Touch
   Space
   Eye Contact
   Paralanguage : tone, speed and volume of our voice.
 
Examples of Visual Communication
 
 

Session 4: Communication Cycle and the Importance of Feedback

 
For effective communication, it is important that the sender receives an acknowledgement from the receiver about getting the message across. While a sender sends information, the receiver provides feedback on the received message.
 

Types of Feedback

   Positive Feedback
   Negative Feedback
   No Feedback
 

A good feedback is one that is:

Specific: Avoid general comments. Try to include examples to clarify your statement. Offering alternatives rather than just giving advice allows the receiver to decide what to do with your feedback.
 
Timely: Being prompt is the key, since feedback loses its impact if delayed for too long.
 
Polite: While it is important to share feedback, the recipient should not feel offended by the language of the feedback.
 
Offering continuing support: Feedback sharing should be a continuous process. After offering feedback, let recipients know you are available
for support.
 

Importance of Feedback

It validates effective listening: The person providing the feedback knows they have been understood (or received) and that their feedback
provides some value.
 
It motivates: Feedback can motivate people to build better work relationships and continue the good work that is being appreciated.
 
It is always there:
Every time you speak to a person, we communicate feedback so it is impossible not to provide one.
 
It boosts learning: Feedback is important to remain focussed on goals, plan better and develop improved products and services.
 
It improves performance: Feedback can help to form better decisions to improve and increase performance.
 
 

Session 5: Barriers to Effective Communication

What is Effective Communication?

Effective communication follows the basic principles of professional communication skills.
 

Barriers to Effective Communication

Physical Barriers
Physical barrier is the environmental and natural condition that act as a barrier in communication in sending message from sender to receiver. Not being able to see gestures, posture and general body language can make communication less effective.
 
Linguistic Barriers
The inability to communicate using a language is known as language barrier to communication. Language barriers are the most common communication barriers, which cause misunderstandings misinterpretations between people
 
Interpersonal Barriers
Barriers to interpersonal communication occur when the sender’s message is received differently from how it was intended.
 
Organisational Barriers
Organisations are designed on the basis of formal hierarchical structures that follow performance standards, rules and regulations, procedures, policies, behavioural norms, etc. All these affect the free flow
of communication in organisations
 
Cultural Barriers
Cultural barriers is when people of different cultures are unable to understand each other’s customs, resulting in inconveniences and difficulties.People sometimes make stereotypical assumptions about others based on their cultural background
 
 

Ways to Overcome Barriers to Effective Communication

• Use simple language
• Do not form assumptions on culture, religion or geography
• Try to communicate in person as much as possible
• Use visuals
• Take help of a translator to overcome differences in language
• Be respectful of other’s opinions
 


7 C's of Communication




Session 6: Writing Skills — Parts of Speech

 
Writing skills are part of verbal communication and include e-mails, letters, notes, articles, SMS/chat, blogs, etc.
 

Capitalisation Rules

Punctuation : Full stop, Comma, Question mark, Exclamation mark
 

Basic Parts of Speech

The part of speech indicates how a particular word functions in meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence. Some examples are nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs ,adverbs , Conjunctions, Prepositions, Interjections
                                 



Session 7: Writing Skills — Sentences Active and Passive Sentences

Types of Sentences

1. Statement or Declarative Sentence
2. Question or Interrogative Sentence
3. Emotion/Reaction or Exclamatory Sentenc
4. Order or Impe rative Sentence



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